Position Of Johor Bahru
Johor Bharu is situated on the South of Peninsular Malaysia and it is considered as a very special and strategic location. Because of its’ location, it became the most popular gateway from south and it is called as "The Southern Gateway to Peninsular Malaysia". Johor Bharu is situated between two important straits in Southeast Asia, which are Straits of Tebrau and Straits of South China Sea. The Strait of Tebrau on the South separates Malaysia and Singapore and meanwhile Straits of South China Sea is located at the east.
In terms of weather, Johor Bharu city is under tropical weather with the different daily temperature from 24C until 32C. overall, the topographic condition of Johor Bharu is flat and uneven with the height up to 200 meters above sea level and the lowest about 2 meters from sea level. The main river across the Johor Bharu is Segget River and it is approximately 7 km long. It begins from the five sea lanes.
Johor Bahru is Capital City
Johor Bharu is the capital city of Johor Darul Ta’zim. The history of the state started when its ancestor Temenggung Daeng Ibrahim succeeded in striving towards Johor Bharu proclamation as one of the developed cities in Malaysia. Johor Bharu is connected with other cities through its road and air transportation links. The distance between Johor Bharu and Kuala Lumpur City is approximately 375 km. As with Singapore, the distance is only about 1.5 km from ‘tambak Johor’
Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim
Johor Bahru was founded by Temenggung Daeng Ibrahim and was officially proclaimed on the 10th of March 1855. This happened after Sultan Ali Ibni Sultan Husain gave the colony of Kesang to him. The establishment and development of Johor Bharu city which was formerly known as ‘Iskandar Puteri’ started from Teluk Belanga, Singapore, his settlement and the also birthplace of some prominent figures for the development of the New Johor government.
Sultan Abu Bakar
Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim passed away on 31st January 1862 and is replaced by Temenggong Abu Bakar. He is responsible for the introduction of the modern administration style for the Johor State up to a point of where he is recognized as the Father of Modern Johor. The extension from the increasing population and also newly explored areas, Temenggong Abu Bakar has changed the Iskandar Puteri name to Johor Bahru in a particular ceremony.
In 1889, the Johor State administration centre has moved from Teluk Belanga, Singapura to Johor Bahru. Among the famous important figures are Abdul Rahman Andak (Datuk Seri Amar Diraja), Munsyi Muhamman Ibrahim (Datuk Bentara Dalam), Abdul Samad Ibrahim (Datuk Penggawa Barat), Engku Sulaiman Daud and a lot more.